Ali Ihsan KAHRAMAN #

Abstract #

This article suggests that the democratic peace theory made a mistake in its Kant readings. To argue this suggestion, this paper is organized as follows. Firstly, an unheeded dimension of Kantian philosophy about the democratization process of states and societies will be introduced. Secondly, the connections between the democratic peace theory and Kant will be revisited in terms of this unheeded dimension. The aim of this section is to prepare the discussion on the failure of the Democratic Peace Theory of Kant. Thirdly, the empirical analysis is based on three different and wide datasets which are World Governance Indicators 2016, the Uppsala Conflict Database Program 2016 (UCDP), and Polity IV. The concluding remarks will summarize how the democratic peace theory misread Kant.

After the Global Economic Crisis, the international system has experienced
many essential changes in terms not only of practical relations but also of its
philosophical or ideological roots. The last one can be the discussions on liberal democracy. Especially, the rise of populism and conservatism in international politics gives momentum to the debates on the aftermath of liberal democracy. The policy preferences of the US in Trump administration shifted the illiberal/conservative economic and trade policies to the origins of the world economic system. The rise of economic conservatism has also some political reflections on states. The discussions on liberal democracy has also started to encourage critics on theoretical frameworks related to liberal democracy. Democratic Peace Theory, indeed, has been criticized for a long time in terms of its application to the practical world; however, the reflections of rise in economic conservatism on politics make the re-evaluation of democratic peace theory.

This article suggests that the democratic peace theory made a mistake in its
Kant readings. To argue this suggestion, this paper is organized as follows.
Firstly, an unheeded dimension of Kantian philosophy about the democratization
process of states and societies will be introduced. Secondly, the connections
between the democratic peace theory and Kant will be revisited in terms
of this unheeded dimension. The aim of this section is to prepare the discussion
on the failure of Democratic Peace Theory on Kant. Thirdly, the empirical
analysis based on three difference and wide datasets which are World Governance
Indicators 2016, the Uppsala Conflict Database Program 2016 (UCDP),
and Polity IV. The concluding remarks will summarize how the democratic
peace theory misread Kant.

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